Pubs.GISS: Hansen et al. 1998: Perspective: Climate forcings in the industrial era
, M. Sato, A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, I. Tegen, and E. Matthews, 1998: Perspective: Climate forcings in the industrial era. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 95, 12753-12758.
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Chaos theory and global warming: can climate be predicted?
Weather is chaotic because air is light, it has low friction and viscosity, it expands strongly when in contact with hot surfaces and it conducts heat poorly. Therefore weather is never in equilibrium and the wind always blows. The climate is mostly explained by equilibrium radiation physics, which …
Uncertainty in weather and climate prediction
Following Lorenz’s seminal work on chaos theory in the 1960s, probabilistic approaches to prediction have come to dominate the science of weather and climate forecasting. This paper gives a perspective on Lorenz’s work and how it has influenced the ways …
Butterflies, rounding errors, and the chaos of climate models | NOAA Climate.gov
Want to know a little bit about how climate models work?